Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids are essential nutrients that play critical roles in ensuring good health. Omega 6 fatty acids promote inflammation, in contrast to Omega 3 fatty acids which are anti-inflammatory. Maintaining a balance of Omega 3 to Omega 6 is essential for good health.
The ideal ratio of Omega 6: Omega 3 is believed to be 4:1 or lower. However, many diets, including most Indian diets have a ratio of 15:1 or higher. This is because most vegetarian foods, such as oils used for cooking, fruits, vegetables and nuts common in the Indian diet contain higher Omega 6 than Omega 3. Omega 3 rich sources, such as seafood and flaxseed are not part of conventional Indian diets.